In 2020, Niger experienced the worst floods in its history. The Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management estimated that more than 632,000 people were affected by the floods in October 2020. Since 2011, floods have become increasingly recurrent throughout the country. They occur during the rainy season (July-September) when the rains are often abundant and occur frequently, and when the Niger River flash floods (November-December) triggered by heavy rainfall. The shock is becoming structural, making these populations even more vulnerable, resulting in chronic food insecurity coupled with a lack of access to water and sanitation and requires long-term prevention solutions.