The Alliance for Sustainable Palm Oil (Aliansi Sawit Lestari Indonesia or ASLI project) – Winrock International, a Cooperative Agreement between USAID and the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), held a series of four (4) Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) to contribute to the ongoing discussion on revising Law No. 5/1990 on Conservation of Natural Resources, Biodiversity and Ecosystems (Law No. 5/1990). At the FGDs, the ASLI project gave a platform to academicians and experts to provide scientifically-grounded advices to policymakers involved in the revision process of Law No. 5/1990. Management of Essential Ecosystem Areas, Institutional Arrangements for Conservation Areas, Conservation and Indigenous Peoples and the Sustainable Development Paradigm in Conservation were the major issues discussed at each FGD. These FDGs and their resultant White Papers, will provide valuable input to the draft revision of Law No. 5/1990.