Strengthen Capacities of Communities to Identify and Prevent TIP
Strategically, BC/TIP’s prevention component works in six core areas:
- strengthening peer leader volunteer groups;
- mobilizing communities to mitigate the root causes of TIP;
- orienting potential migrants on safe practices, TIP-related risks, and other vulnerabilities associated with uninformed migration;
- strengthening Counter-Trafficking Committees (CTCs) at all levels;
- sensitizing government counterparts, private technical training centers, and other service providers to combat TIP and promote safe, orderly practices of labor migration; and
- connect people at-risk of TIP, as well as survivors and victim’s to appropriate support and services.
These activities strengthen the capacities of targeted communities, local governments, and private recruiting companies to prevent incidences of TIP.
Improved Access of Trafficking Victims to Assistance
The BC/TIP project promotes comprehensive assistance to survivors. This includes shelter and safe home services, an inclusive referral mechanism and case management, trauma-informed-survivor focused leadership development, and community-based reintegration support. All protection services defend and endorse survivors/victims and their human rights offering high-quality individualized assistance aimed at enabling them to regain control of their lives and to empower them to take informed decisions about the options available to them. BC/TIP aims to ensure the following services to victims of trafficking:
- the provision of shelter accommodation;
- immediate health care assessment and treatment;
- psychological/ mental health assessment and counseling;
- interpretation of procedures in the first language of the victim;
- legal advice and support;
- Life skills and entrepreneurship training; and
- livelihoods support and social reintegration
Increased Response of Criminal Justice Actors to TIP Victims
The prosecution component of BC/TIP enhances the capacities of criminal justice actors to investigate TIP cases, prosecute traffickers, provide legal assistance, and refer survivors to protection assistance. BCTIP facilitates access to justice for survivors and promotes the end of impunity towards traffickers. To improve and expedite the prosecution of traffickers, BC/TIP:
- organized first responder police-prosecutor trainings;
- launched case management conferences and reviews;
- provided technical assistance to TIP Special Tribunals to expedite prosecutions;
- planned networking events, and capacity building activities focusing on the laws governing TIP and the implementation of the NPA for Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking 2018-2022;
- coordinated advocacy initiatives to expand government oversight and increase the arrests, investigations, prosecutions, and convictions;
- filed cases to ensure compensation for victims of labor trafficking; and
- developed a guideline on Police-Prosecutor cooperation framework to increase success rate in convicting traffickers.
Effective and Coordinated Partnerships Among Stakeholders to Combat TIP
BC/TIP and its partners jointly work to build effective collaboration and coordination with the government and associated agencies, NGOs, and the private sector networks to provide consistent, appropriate responses to trafficking and CM survivors addressing the fundamental needs and promoting sustainable anti-TIP and safe migration measures. BC/TIP established partnerships with public and private associates in public mobilization campaigns and employment programs, and engaged GOB at the national, district, upazila, and village levels, to build the organizational capacities of local partners and coordinating service providers. BC/TIP partnerships strengthened implementation of TIP and safe migration:
- conducting national and district advocacy for implementation of the Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act of 2012 and Overseas Employment and Migrant Act of 2013;
- through support in the NPA for Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking 2018-2022 implementation committee;
- by improving coordination among GOB and NGOs to counter TIP and migration abuses;
- actively participating in TIP governmental/non-governmental coordination committees and the Ministry of Expatriates’ Welfare and Overseas Employment (MOEWOE) Vigilance Taskforce;
- promotion of safe migration through private technical training centers; awareness campaigns with NGOs, CBOs, local government and law enforcement, Peer Leaders and ANIRBAN networks, shelter providers and CTCs.
Increased Responsiveness of Duty Bearers and Justice Actors on Child Marriage
BC/TIP increased the responsiveness of duty bearers and justice actors on child marriage by:
- raising awareness among families, communities, educators, students, journalists, political and religious leaders, and youth regarding the harmful impacts of child marriage and its nexus with TIP;
- through training of responsible authorities to provide information on the rights and referrals of protection services for children at risk of early marriage as well as to protect them from re-victimization;
- by targeting communities with a high prevalence of child marriage;
- in the development of education materials, analysis and research integrating targeted behavior change messages into existing TIP activities;
- training of ANIRBAN, and Peer Leaders who orientated marriage registrars, union parishad members, CBOs, standing committee members, violence against women committees, NGOs, government officials;
- by sensitization and mobilization of communities against CM and through door-to-door campaigns;
- the creation of quality child marriage services guidelines integrated into shelter-service provider assistance; and
- the expansion of national-local level networks after stakeholder mapping promoting collaboration with CTCs and PCMSs.
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND LEARNING
Increased Use of Learning Activities to Improve Performance and Achieve Results
BC/TIP applied evidence-based program management supported by a strong monitoring process in order to ensure the integrity of data, maintain high standards, and take informed decisions for the program. The program did this through systematic M&E data management, adaptation of collaborative learning, and monitoring of field level activities. BC/TIP carried out different types of monitoring, evaluation, research, and learning activities during the life of the program. This was to ensure the quality of results and document changes the program brought in beneficiaries’ lives. The program’s Knowledge Management and Learning (KML) activities increased the capacity for evidence-based planning by BC/TIP, partners, and national level stakeholders and assisted the scaling up of evidence-based practices to facilitate relevant program implementation activities and effective adaptation. The M&E plan was reviewed and updated annually.
BC/TIP commissioned specific research and carried out special studies, in addition to producing learning papers and other documentation of the program’s achievements:
- A comparative study on child marriage in Asian Muslim countries (desk review)
- A baseline Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices survey on child marriage among stakeholders
- Learning paper on functional CTCs
- Learning paper on the referral mechanism and district directories
- Learning paper on the volunteerism of Peer Leaders and ANIRBAN members and TIP identification
- Learning paper on access to justice through the Bureau of Manpower, Education and Training (BMET) arbitration
- Study on the special provision in the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 2017
- Male survivors and returnee migrants’ need assessment
- 54 success stories
National Plan of Action for Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking (2018-2022)
BC/TIP commissioned a NPA rapid assessment in the summer of 2020 and a mid-term review in the spring of 2021. INCIDIN gathered quantitative data on investment, coverage, locations and thematic areas of interventions by different ministries, government agencies, NGOs, INGOs and UN agencies through a specifically prepared data collection tool. This was supplemented by web-research. INCIDIN also collected qualitative feedback on its database and analysis through an interactive workshop with the MoHA along with representatives of selected bilateral development partners, UN agencies, INGOs and NGOs.
This media content is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) under cooperative agreement No. AID-388-A-14-00003 to reduce the prevalence of human trafficking in Bangladesh and increase the protection of civil and human rights by preventing and reducing the risks of trafficking, protecting trafficking survivors, prosecuting trafficking offenders, and fostering effective partnerships among stakeholders. The contents are the responsibility of Winrock International and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.