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Winrock International

Innovative Pay-For-Performance Program Rewards Farmers For Improving Water Quality

Now Available: Pay-For-Performance Conservation: A How-To Guide

Winrock International is pleased to announce the publication of Pay-For-Performance Conservation: A How-To Guide, a free comprehensive guide to implementing and managing Pay-For-Performance (PFP) conservation programs. The guide is based on Winrock’s decade of experience pioneering PFP conservation, including the Milwaukee River Pay-For-Performance Project, which reduced phosphorus losses by as much as 40 percent from farms in the West Branch of the Milwaukee River Watershed. The health and vitality of freshwater resources depends on cost-effective innovation like PFP conservation.

“Winrock has been pilot-testing the concept of Pay-For-Performance conservation in watersheds throughout the U.S. for the past 10 years, and the culmination of that experience is embodied in Pay-for-Performance Conservation: A How-To Guide,” says Jon Winsten, an agricultural economist with Winrock International and the project’s team leader. “We followed this guidance in our recent work in the West Branch of the Milwaukee River Watershed, and have assembled all of our expertise in one place to help others achieve water quality goals.”

PFP conservation is an innovative approach to improve water quality by financially rewarding farmers for reducing agricultural runoff, which damages water quality. Winrock has spearheaded PFP programs to reduce the amount of phosphorus that washes into rivers and lakes. Phosphorus in fertilizer and manure helps crops grow, but runoff from fields creates dead zones and algal blooms, damaging water quality for people and wildlife.

Winrock, in partnership with Delta Institute and Sand County Foundation, managed the Milwaukee River Pay-For-Performance Project, funded by the Great Lakes Protection Fund.  By changing their field management practices, farmers along the West Branch of the Milwaukee River reduced phosphorus losses by as much as 40 percent.

PFP allows farmers to decide the best ways to reduce agricultural runoff at the lowest cost. Farmers earn the largest incentive payments by implementing the most effective actions to reduce phosphorus loss.

Simulation models calibrated for use in the watershed are used to estimate phosphorus loss reductions resulting from field management changes. Farmers are paid based on the amount of phosphorus loss they can reduce. Farmers participating in the Milwaukee River Pay-For-Performance Project earned $25 per pound of phosphorous reduction. For example, one farmer reduced phosphorus loss by 183.1 pounds and earned $4,577.50.

“Farmers like the PFP approach because of its concentration on the economics of the farm and the conservation activity,” says Greg Olson, field projects director at Sand County Foundation.  “When conservation can be done in a manner that improves their agronomic potential, farmers are happy.”

Farmers are allowed the flexibility to implement any field management change that reduces phosphorus loss. Some land management practices that reduced phosphorus runoff include: reduced tillage, cover crops, filter strips, contour farming, reduced fertilizer rate, winter to summer manure spreading and crop rotation changes.

Download: Pay-for-Performance Conservation: A How-To Guide


CONTACT: Chris Hancock

RELEASE DATE: August 29, 2017



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Milwaukee River Pay-for-Performance Project

Farms are businesses, which means they respond to economic signals. That basic idea is behind this program’s approach to reduce the damage to water quality caused by agricultural run-off in the West Branch Milwaukee River watershed. Winrock works with water treatment plant owners, conservation groups and others in the area to devise pay-for-performance incentives that…